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Please read the Instructions for Authors as given below before submitting your manuscript. The manuscript files should be given the last name of the first author. Hard copy submissions will not be processed.
Your Paper Your Way
We now differentiate between the requirements for new and revised submissions. You may choose to submit your manuscript as a single Word or in template (template link) to be used in the refereeing process. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to put your paper into a 'correct format' for acceptance and provide the items required for the publication of your article. To find out more, please visit the Preparation section below.
Types of paper
Original research work
As a guideline: Manuscripts should not be longer than 16 double-spaced typed pages and 8 figures and 7 tables are suggested. Full length paper should be submitted to the Principal Editor and will be given priority in both the refereeing and production processes.
For reporting important new results only (must be accompanied by a statement regarding the "prime novelty"). Priority communications should not be longer than 5 double-spaced typed pages, and 3 figures + 3 tables. Priority communications should be submitted to the Principal Editor and will be given priority in both the refereeing and production processes.
All manuscripts should be concisely written, stressing the motivation for, and the novel aspects of, the work. Contributions should contain an Abstract (of up to 200 words) and a Conclusions section, which particularly in the case of theoretical papers translates the results into terms readily accessible to most readers.
Contact details for submission
News or announcements should be submitted through the Editor in cheif .
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.
Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
- E-mail address
- Designation & Full postal address
All necessary files have been sending through E-mail:
The journal will only accept manuscripts submitted as e-mail attachments. Please send your paper as a single document including tables and figures. This means it should be one Microsoft Word file and template containing different files for text, tables, figures, etc.
- Covering letter: A cover letter must accompany the manuscript as a part of an e-mail message. A covering letter should identify the person (with address, telephone numbers, and email address) responsible for correspondence concerning manuscripts.
Paper should contain the title, author(s) name, affiliation(s), mailing address and email.
Abstract describing the context and scope of the paper.
- Keywords (5 to 8 keywords)
- Main text
- All figures (include relevant captions)
- All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
- Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
- Indicate clearly if colour should be used for any figures in print Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable) Supplemental files (where applicable)
- The Acknowledgement of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
The following detailed instructions are necessary to allow direct reproduction of the manuscript for rapid publishing. Manuscript should be typewritten in Times Roman, 12 font size, 1.5 line spaced, title should be in a font size 12, bold face capitals with margins of at least one inch on all sides. Pages should be numbered consecutively, starting with the title page and the matter arranged in the following order: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement and References. The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax, and E-mail information.
The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be not more than 300 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
- Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
- All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
- Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
- A competing interests statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare
- Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
- Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements
All references should be numbered in square brackets in the text and listed in the REFERENCES section in the order they appear in the text. Below are some examples:
Duncan, T.V., (2011). Applications of nanotechnology in food packaging and food safety: barrier materials, antimicrobials and sensors. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 363(1):1-24.
Kagan, V.E., H. Bayir and A.A. Shvedova, (2002). Nanomedicine and nanotoxicology: two sides of the same coin. Nanomed. 2(4):397-401.
Sondi, I. and B. Salopek Sondi, (2004). Silver nanoparticles as antimicrobial agent: a case study on E. coli as a model for Gram-negative bacteria. J. Colloid Interface. Sci. 275:177-182.
Gamble, J.S., (1927). Flora of the Presidency of Madras, 2 vols. Adlard & Son Ltd. London. 170p.
Pullaiah, T., S. Sandhya Rani and S. Karuppusamy, (2007). Flora of Eastern Ghats hill tracts of southeast India. Vol. 4, Regency publication, New Delhi. 150p.
Format & layout of your article
Keep your writing clear and concise, avoiding repetition or embellishment. All submissions must be in English. We permit Standard English and American spelling in our journals, but please use one or the other consistently within the article itself. You are welcome to use common or standard abbreviations; if your abbreviations are non-standard, please include a definition the first time you use them.
All articles accepted for publication in our journals are edited and typeset to our house style by professional editors: the manuscript will be formatted for you.
If you would like professional guidance on improving the standard and style of your writing, before submitting your article, we offer a specialist.